The History of Christianity
Christianity, a religion based on the teachings of Jesus, is one of the world’s most widely practiced religions. It has a history that dates back at least two thousand years.
Christians believe in one God and in the Bible as the inspired Word of God. They also believe that Jesus is the Son of God and that by following his teachings they can inherit eternal life.
In the early years, christians were Jewish, and they inherited their faith from Hebrew people who lived in Israel and in the lands of the diaspora (the parts of the world where Jews had moved). When they claimed that Jesus was divine, they had to do so in ways that did not challenge the monotheism of their ancestors.
As a result, there were many challenges to Christianity and to the ideas about the nature of God that it represented. The earliest of these problems occurred in the 4th century when a Roman presbyter known as Arius proposed that God and Jesus were identical as to essence, sharing the same ethereal substance.
This sparked an immediate debate among Christian scholars and clergy, and eventually led to a new understanding of the nature of God. The idea was that the one God is not just the creator of everything, but also the giver of life and love.